Diffusion Bonding Sapphire to Inconel 625, Titanium, Aluminium and Stainless Steel
Sapphire bonded to Titanium frame withstood 120 bars of internal hydraulic pressure before cracking.
Applications: Inspection windows for ITER & Tokamak Fusion Reactors
Diffusion Bonding Aluminium to Steel & Titanium
Bond tensile strengths exceeded the ultimate strength of aluminium
Aluminium to Aluminium
Aluminium to Titanium
Al-6%Mg (5000 series) diffusion bonded to stainless steel
One of the most difficult combinations of structural alloys to join
Dr Amir Shirzadi (The Open University)
ChengCong Zhang (Wuhan University of Science and Technology)
Pending Joint Publication October 2021
Component Made of Aluminium Powder by Diffusion Bonding
Joining High Temperature Thermoelectrics (300 to 500°C)
Electrically & Thermally Conductive Joints with Shock-resistant Diffusion Barrier to Protect Skutterutide
Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM)
Ultra-high pressure laminated aluminium heat exchangers for jet engines
Fuel Oil Heat Exchangers (FOHE) are critical components of modern jet engines. Their primary function is to cool the hot engine lubrication oil while heating the cold fuel coming from the fuel tank before it enters the combustion chamber. The fuel heating increases the engine efficiency substantially by recuperating the waste heat from the oil into the fuel. The fuel/oil pressures and temperatures required are increasing with the development of more efficient jet engines. "Gallium-Assisted Diffusion Bonding" is used to join stacks of aluminium plates containing fluid flow channels; without the weaknesses and limitations inherent in traditional brazing. The article describes a new technology for manufacturing more efficient and lighter Fuel/Oil Heat Exchangers than conventional shell and tube ones.
Presentation by Dr Amir Shirzadi
07 – 08 May, 2019 Düsseldorf/Germany
Diffusion Bonded Heat Exchangers Used in Jet Engines & Oil & Gas Reformers
Aluminium / Stainless Steel / Superalloy
Maximum channel pressure ~ 16,000 PSI
(based on 2222 kg tensile strength)
Inconel micro-channel reformer
Laminated aluminium heat exchangers,
high temperature Inconel reformer, and stainless steel micro-channel medical device have tensile strengths comparable to those of the corresponding parent alloys.
Hybrid Non-Magnetic Hermetic Bellow
Titanium bellow, made by TIG welding process, has been diffusion bonded to an aluminium tube leading to a fully hermetic seal.
Diffusion Bonding of Titanium to Stainless Steel: 313 MPa Tensile Strength
Bimetal Flanges & Couplers
Al / Ti Al / Steel
Al / Ti
Bonding Similar & Dissimilar Titanium Alloys
Diffusion Bonding of
Miniature turbine with 0.5 mm tall blades
fabricated by diffusion bonding
Inventors: Amir Shirzadi (UK) & Tomasz Koziel (Poland)
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